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钢结构厂房工程施工流程步骤详解

人气:发表时间:2019-09-14

钢结构厂房的修建在我们的生活中时常可见,了解一些有关钢结构厂房工程施工流程,对于判断一所钢结构厂房是否符合施工标准有参考性作用。今天,三维钢构的小编就为大家介绍一下钢结构厂房工程施工流程的具体内容,希望对您从事这方面的工作有一定的帮助。

钢结构厂房工程施工流程:

钢结构厂房施工流程

SHIGONGFANGXIAN→JICHUHUNNINGTUNEIYUMAILUOSHUAN→(GANGJIEGOUJIAGONGZHIZUO)MENSHIGANGJIADIAOZHUANG→DIAOCHELIANGANZHUANG→GANGLIANGANZHUANG→WUJIA、WUMIANBANJIWUYANBANANZHUANG→QIANGMIANBANANZHUANG→GANGJIEGOUTUZHUANG。

一、施工放线

(1)ANZHAOSHEJIYAOQIU,GENJUTUZHIYAOQIU,PEIHETUJIANDANWEIJIANGBIAOGAO、ZHOUXIANHESHIHEZHUN。

(2)SHIGONGQIANYONGJINGWEIYIFUHEZHOUXIAN,BINGYONGSHUIZHUNYIQUEDINGBIAOGAO,BINGYONGMOXIANZAIBUYISUNHUAIDEGUDINGWUSHANGZUOHAOJIHAO,ZHUMINGBIAOGAO,BINGZUOHAOJILU。

(3)ZAIQUEDINGZHOUXIANHEBIAOGAOZHIHOU,JIFANGHAODAYANGZHIHOU,ZAIFANGXIAOYANG,YEJIUSHIQUEDINGMEIGEGANGZHUZAIJICHUHUNNINGTUSHANGDELIANJIEMIANBIANXIANJIZONGHENGSHIZIZHOUXIAN,JIMENSHIGANGJIADEZHUJIAOWEIZHI。

(4)ZAIDINGWEIGANGJIASHI,YAOJINLIANGBIMIANGANGJIAZHUJIAOYULUOSHUANDEPENGZHUANG,YIBIMIANGANGJIAZHUDIMIANDEBIANXING,CONGMIANJIANSHAOYUJICHUHUNNINGTUDEJIECHUMIAN,YIJILUOSHUANDEWANQUBIANXING,ZAOCHENGLUOSHUANJIUZHIZHIHOUJILUOSHUANDAILAIDEQIANGDUSUNHAO。

二、基础混凝土内预埋螺栓

(1)ZAIJICHUHUNNINGTUJIAODAOZHIQIAN,ZAIZIXIHEDUILUOSHUANDEDAXIAO、ZHANGDU、BIAOGAOJIWEIZHI,BINGGUDINGHAOYUMAILUOSHUAN。

(2)ZAIJICHUHUNNINGTUJIAODAOZHIQIAN,HUANGYOUJISULIAOBOMOBAOZHUYUMAILUOSHUANDESIKOUBUFEN,YIBIMIANHUNNINGTUJIAODAOSHIDUILUOSHUANSIKOUDEWURAN。

(3)ZAIJIAODAOHUNNINGTUZHISHI,PAIYOUJINGYANDEZHUANRENZHIBAN,ZUOHAOHUNNINGTUJIAODAOSHIDUIYUMAILUOSHUANDINGWEIDEYINGXIANG。YIBIMIANYUMAILEISHUANDEWEIYIJIBIAOGAODEGAIBIAN。

(4)JICHUHUNNINGTUJIAODAOZHIHOU,JISHIQINGLIYUMAILUOSHUANGANJISIKOUSHANGDECANLIUHUNNINGTU。

三、钢结构加工制作

工艺过程:

1、下料图单

①CIGONGXUWEICAILIAOJIANYANBUFEN,QINEIRONGBAOKUODUIGONGCHENGSUOXUANYONGDEXINGHAO、GUIGEDEQUERENYIJICAILIAODEZHILIANGJIANCHA。

②ZHILIANGJIANCEBIAOZHUN:

YINGFUHESHEJIYAOQIUJIGUOJIAXIANXINGBIAOZHUNDEGUIDING。

③JIANYANFANGFA:

JIANCHAGANGCAIZHILIANGZHENGMINGSHUHEFUSHIBAOGAO,YONGGANGJUANCHI、KACHIJIANCHAXINGHAO、GUIGE。

2、放样、号料

①FANGYANGHUAXIANSHI,YINGQINGCHUBIAOMINGZHUANGPEIBIAOJI、LUOKONGBIAOZHU、JIAQIANGBANDEWEIZHIFANGXIANG、QINGXIEBIAOJIJIZHONGXINXIAN、JIZHUNXIANHEJIANYANXIAN,BIYAOSHIZHIZUOYANGBAN。

②ZHUYIYULIUZHIZUO,ANZHUANGSHIDEHANJIESHOUSUOYULIANG;QIEGE、BAOBIANHEXIANJIAGONGYULIANG;ANZHUANGYULIUCHICUNYAOQIU。

③HUAXIANQIAN,CAILIAODEWANQUHEBIANXINGYINGYUYIJIAOZHENG。

④FANGYANGHEYANGBANDEYUNXUPIANCHAJIANXIABIAO:

PINGXINGXIANJULIHEFENDUANCHICUN0.5mm;DUIJIAOXIANCHA1.0mm;KUANDU、ZHANGDU0.5mm;KONGJU0.5mm;JIAGONGYANGBANJIAODU20’

⑤HAOLIAODEYUNXUPIANCHAJIANXIABIAO:

WAIXINGCHICUN1.0;KONGJU0.5

⑥ZHILIANGJIANYANFANGFA:YONGGANGCHIJIANCE。

3、下料:

GANGBANXIALIAOCAIYONGSHUKONGDUOTOUQIEGEJIXIALIAO,DANXIALIAOQIANYINGJIANGQIEGEBIAOMIANDETIEXIU、WUWUQINGCHUGANJING,YIBAOCHIQIEGEJIANDEGANJINGHEPINGZHENG,QIEGEHOUYINGQINGCHURONGZHAHEFEIJIANWU,CAOZUORENYUANSHULIANZHANGWOJIXIESHEBEISHIYONGFANGFAHECAOZUOGUICHENGDIAOZHENGSHEBEIZUIJIACANSHUDEZUIJIAZHI。

①ZHILIANGJIANYANBIAOZHUN:

QIEGEDEYUNXUPIANCHAZHI(mm)XIANGMUYUNXUPIANCHA

LINGJIANKUANDU、ZHANGDU3.0 、BIANYUANQUELENG1.0、GANGDUANBUCHUIZHIDU2.0

②GANGCAIJIANQIEMIANHUOQIEGEMIANYINGWULIEWEN、JIAZHAHEFENCENG。

③ZHILIANGJIANYANFANGFA:MUCEHUOYONGFANGDAJING、GANGCHIJIANCHA。

4、组立、成型

GANGCAIZAIZULIQIANYINGJIAOZHENGQIBIANXING,BINGDADAOFUHEKONGZHIPIANCHAFANWEINEI,JIECHUMAOMIANYINGWUMAOCI、WUWUHEZAWU,YIBAOZHENGGOUJIANDEZUZHUANGJINMIJIEHE,FUHEZHILIANGBIAOZHUN。ZULISHIYINGYOUSHILIANGDEGONGJUHESHEBEI,RUZHIJIAOGANGCHI,YIBAOZHENGZULIHOUYOUZUGOUDEJINGDU。

CAIYONGSHEBEIWEIZ12XINGXINGGANGZULIJI。

①DIANHANSHISUOCAIYONGHANCAIYUHANJIANPIPEI,HANFENGHOUDUWEISHEJIHOUDUDE2/3QIEBUDAYU8 mm,HANFENGZHANGDUBUXIAOYU25 mm,WEIZHIZAIHANDAOYINEI。

②YUZULIDEGOUJIANBIXUJINXINGJIANCHAHEQUEDINGSHIFOUFUHETUZHICHICUN,YIJIGOUJIANDEJINGDUYAOQIUCHENGXING。

③ZULICHENGXINGSHI,GOUJIANYINGZAIZIYOUZHUANGTAIXIAJINXING,QIJIEGOUYINGFUHE《GANGJIEGOUGONGCHENGSHIGONGJIYANSHOUGUIFAN》JIYOUGUANBIAOZHUNGUIDING。JINGJIANCHAHEGEHOUJINXINGBIANHAO。

④ZHILIANGJIANYANBIAOZHUN。

YUNXUPIANCHAFUHE《GANGJIEGOUGONGCHENGSHIGONGJIYANSHOUGUIFAN》YOUGUANGUIDING。

ZULIDEYUNXUPIANCHABIAO(mm)

LEIXINGXIANGMUYUNXUPIANCHA;

HANJIEGANGLIANGGAODU2.0

ZHONGXINPIANYI2.0

CHUIZHIDU(△)b/100QIEBUDAYU2.0

⑤ZHILIANGJIANYANFANGFA:YONGZHICHI、JIAOCHIJIANCHA。

5、焊接:

①GAIGONGXUCAIYONGSHEBEIWEIMENSHIQUANZIDONGMAIHUHANJI。

②MAIHUZIDONGHANHANJIEGUIFAN

③HANJIEGONGYI:

HANJIEGANGZHU、GANGLIANGCAIYONGMENSHIZIDONGMAIHUHANJINXINGHANJIE;ZHULIANGLIANJIEBANJIALEIBANCAIYONGSHOUGONGHANJIE。SHIYONGMENSHIZIDONGHANYINGMANZUYIXIALIANGDIAN:

(1)HANJIEHOUBIANYUAN30-50mmFANWEINEIDETIEXIU、MAOCIWUGOUDENGBIXUQINGCHUGANJING,YIJIANSHAOCHANSHENGHANJIEQIKONGDENGQUEXIANDEYINSU。

(2)YINHUBANYINGYUMUCAICAIZHIXIANGTONG,HANJIEPOKOUXINGSHIXIANGTONG,ZHANGDUYINGFUHEBIAOZHUNDEGUIDING;SHIYONGSHOUGONGDIANHUYINGMANZUYIXIAGUIDING:SHIYONGZHUANGTAILIANGHAO、GONGNENGQIQUANDEDIANHANJI,XUANYONGDEHANTIAOXUYONGHONGGANXIANGJINXINGHONGGAN。

ZHILIANGJIANYANBIAOZHUNHEFANGFA:

HANJIEXINGGANGYUNXUPIANCHABIAO(mm)XIANGMUYUNXUPIANCHA

JIEMIANGAODU(h)h<500; 2.0;500≤h≤1000; 3.0;h>1000 4.0

JIEMIANKUANDU(b)3.0

FUBANZHONGXINPIANYI2.0

YIYUANBANCHUIZHIDU(△)b/100QIEBUYINGDAYU3.0

WANQUSHIGAOl/1000QIEBUYINGDAYU10.0

NIUQUh/250QIEBUYINGDAYU5.0

FUBANJUBUPINGMIANDU(f)t<14 3.0;t≥14 2.0

6、制孔

①CAIYONGSHEBEI:YAOBEIZUAN

②ZHILIANGJIANYANBIAOZHUN:LUOSHUANKONGJIKONGJUYUNXUPIANCHAFUHE《GANGJIEGOUSHIGONGJIYANSHOUGUIFAN》DEYOUGUANGUIDING

②ZHILIANGJIANYANFANGFA:YONGZHICHI、GANGCHI、KACHIHEMUCEJIANCHA。

7、矫正型钢

①SHIYONGSHEBEI:YIYUANDIAOZHIJI

②GONGYIYAOQIU:CAOZUORENYUANSHUXIGONGYINEIRONGBINGSHUXIZHANGWOSHEBEICAOZUOGUICHENG,JIAOZHENGWANCHENGHOU,YINGJINXINGZIJIAN,YUNXUPIANCHAFUHE《GANGJIEGOUSHIGONGJIYANSHOUGUIFAN》YOUGUANGUIDING。

8、端头切割

HANJIEXINGGANGZHULIANGJIAOZHENGWANCHENG,QIDUANBUYINGJINXINGPINGTOUQIEGE,SUOYONGSHEBEIWEIDUANTOUXIANCHUANG,DUANBUXIANPINGDEYUNXUWUCHAJIANXIABIAO:

XIANGMUYUNXUPIANCHA

LIANGDUANXIANPINGSHIGOUJIANZHANGDU2.0

LIANGDUANXIANPINGSHILINGJIANZHANGDU0.5

XIANPINGMIANDEPINGMIANDU0.3

9、除锈

CHUXIUCAIYONGZHUANYONGCHUXIUSHEBEI,JINXINGPAOSHECHUXIUKEYITIGAOGANGCAIDEPILAOQIANGDUHEKANGFUNENGLI。DUIGANGCAIBIAOMIANYINGDUYEYOUBUTONGCHENGDUDETIGAO,YOULIYUQIMODEFUHEBUXUZENGJIAWAIJIADETUCENGHOUDU。CHUXIUSHIYONGDEMOLIAOBIXUFUHEZHILIANGBIAOZHUNHEGONGYIYAOQIU,SHIGONGHUANJINGXIANGDUISHIDUBUYINGDAYU85%。

JINGCHUXIUHOUDEGANGCAIBIAOMIAN,YONGMAOSHUADENGGONGJUQINGSAOGANJING,CAINENGJINXINGXIADAOGONGXU,CHUXIUHEGEHOUDEGANGCAIBIAOMIAN,RUZAITUDIQIQIANYIFANXIU,XUZHONGXINCHUXIU。

10、油漆

GANGCAICHUXIUJINGJIANCHAHEGEHOU,ZAIBIAOMIANTUWANDIYIDAODIQI,YIBANZAICHUXIUWANCHENGHOU,CUNFANGZAICHANGFANGNEI,KEZAI24XIAOSHINEITUWANDIQI。CUNFANGZAICHANGFANGWAI,ZEYINGZAIDANGBANQIWANDIQI。YOUQIYINGANSHEJIYAOQIUPEITAOSHIYONG,DIYIBIANDIQIGANZAOHOU,ZAIJINXINGZHONGJIANQIHEMIANQIDETUSHUA,BAOZHENGTUCENGHOUBIANDADAOSHEJIYAOQIU。YOUQIZAITUSHUAGUOCHENGZHONGYINGJUNYUN,BULIUZHUI。

11、包装与运输

①GOUJIANBIANHAOZAIBAOZHUANGQIAN,JIANGGEZHONGFUHAOZHUANHUANCHENGSHEJITUMIANSUOGUIDINGGOUJIANBIANHAO,BINGYONGBI(YOUQI)HUOZHANTIEZHIBIAOZHUYUGOUJIANDEGUIDINGBUWEI,YIBIANBAOZHUANG

SHISHIBIE。

②ZAIBANYUNGUOCHENGZHONGZHUYIDUIGOUJIANHETUCENGDEBAOHU,DUIYIPENGZHUANGDEBUWEIYINGTIGONGSHIDANGDEBAOHU。

③BANYUNHOUDEGOUJIANRUFASHENGBIANXINGSUNHUAI,YINGJISHIJINXINGXIUBU,YIQUEBAOFAYUNQIANGOUJIANWANHAOWUSUN。

12、验收

GANGGOUJIANCHUCHANGQIAN,YINGTIJIAOYIXIAZILIAO:

⑴CHANPINHEGEZHENG

⑵SHIGONGTUHESHEJIWENJIAN

⑶ZHIZUOGUOCHENGJISHUWENTICHULIDEXIEYIWENJIAN

⑷GANGCAI、LIANJIECAILIAOHETULIAODEZHILIANGZHENGMINGSHUHUOSHIYANBAOGAO。

⑸HANFENGJIANCEJILUZILIAO

⑹TUCENGJIANCEZILIAO

⑺ZHUYAOGOUJIANYANSHOUJILU

⑻GOUJIANFAYUNQINGDANZILIAO

四、钢构件检验

主要内容:

(1)GENJU《GANGJIEGOUGONGCHENGJIYANSHOUGUIFAN》(GB50205—2001)ZHONGDEYOUGUANGUIDING,ZIXIJIANCHAYANGANGGOUJIANDEWAIXINGHEJIHECHICUN。RUYOUCHAOPIANCHA,YINGZAIDIAOZHUANGQIANSHEFAXIAOCHU。

(2)GENJUDIAOZHUANGSHUNXUJIANCHAGOUJIANDEZHONGLEIHESHULIANGSHIFOUFUHEGOUJIANJINCHANGAN

(3)WEIBIANYUDIAOZHUANGHOUGOUJIANANZHUANGZHILIANGDEJIANYANHEDIAOZHUANGSHUNXUDEQUEDING,ZAIZHUGOUJIANSHANGYAOBIAOCHULIANGGEFANGXIANGDEZHONGXINXIAN、BIAOGAOXIAN、WEIZHIXIANDENGGEZHONGKONGZHIXIANHESUOYOUGOUJIANDEDIAOZHUANGSHUNXUBIANHAO。

五、钢结构安装

1、施工方法:

BENGONGCHENGGANGJIEGOUANZHUANG,SHOUXIANFUHEHUNNINGTUJICHUDEZHOUXIANJIJICHUDINGMIANBIAOGAO,CAIYONGFENJIANDIAOZHUANGDEFANGFA,XIANDIAOZHUANGSUOYOUGANGZHU,DAIXIAOZHENGGUDINGHOU,YICIDIAOZHUANGGANGLIANG,SUIDIAOSUIDIAOZHENG,RANHOUJINXINGANZHUANGGUDING,ZUIHOUDIAOZHUANGWUMIANZHICHENGJILINTIAOXITONG。

2、施工顺序:

XIANCHANGDIAOZHUANGHUAFENWEIERGESHIGONGDANYUAN,CAIYONGYITAI50DUNDIAOCHE,YOUDONGXIANGXIDIAOZHUANG。

3、安装前准备工作

①ZHUJIAOLUOSHUANDESHIGONG:FUHETUJIANJICHUSHIGONGDEZHUJIAODINGWEIZHOUXIAN,MAISHEDIJIAOLUOSHUAN。WEIBAOZHENGDIJIAOLUOSHUANDEDINGWEIZHUNQUE,JIANGDIJIAOLUOSHUANYONGGANGMOBANKONGTAOJINXINGDINGWEIGUDING,BINGJINXINGFANFUXIAOHEWUWUHOUFANGNENGJINXINGHUNNINGTUDEJIAOZHUSHIGONG。DIJIAOLUOSHUANLUCHUDIMIANDEBUFENYONGSULIAOBUJINXINGBAOGUOBAOHU。

②BIANZHIANZHUANGJIHUAHEGOUJIANGONGYINGJIHUA,ZUZHIHAOSHIGONG。

③JIANCHAGANGGOUJIAN:GANGGOUJIANCHUCHANGSHIYINGJUYOUCHUCHANGHEGEZHENG,ANZHUANGQIANANTUZHICHADIANFUHEGOUJIAN,JIANGGOUJIANYIZHAOANZHUANGSHUNXUYUNDAOANZHUANGFANWEINEI,ZAIBUYINGXIANGANZHUANGDETIAOJIANXIA,JINLIANGBAGOUJIANFANGZAIANZHUANGWEIZHIXIABIAN,YIBAOZHENGANZHUANGDEBIANLI。

④ANZHUANGZHILIANGBIAOZHUN

XIANGMUMINGCHENGYUNXUPIANCHA

CHUIZHIDUDANJIEZHUJIANZHUWUZONGTIH/100QIE≤10mm

BIAOGAOLIANGMIANL/1000QIE≤10mm

ZHUDING≤5mm

JIANZHUWUGAODUn(△n+△n+△w)

4、安装施工工艺

①钢柱安装:吊装前首先确定构件吊点位置,确定绑扎方法,吊装时做好防护措施。钢柱起吊后,当柱脚距地脚螺栓约30-40CM时扶正,使柱脚的安装孔对准螺栓,缓慢落钩就位。经过初校待垂直偏差在20MM内,拧紧螺栓,临时固定即可脱钩。

②钢梁吊装:钢梁吊装在柱子复核完成后进行,钢梁吊装时采用两点对称绑扎起吊就位安装。钢梁起吊后距柱基准面100MM时徐徐慢就位

,DAIGANGLIANGDIAOZHUANGJIUWEIHOUJINXINGDUIJIEDIAOZHENGXIAOZHENG,RANHOUGUDINGLIANJIE。GANGLIANGDIAOZHUANGSHISUIDIAOSUIYONGJINGWEIYIXIAOZHENG,YOUPIANCHASUISHIJIUZHENG。

③墙面檩条安装:檩条截面较小,重量较轻,采用一钩多吊或成片吊装的方法吊装。檩条的校正主要是间距尺寸及自身平直度。间距检查用样杆顺着檩条杆件之间来回移动,如有误差,放松或拧紧螺栓进行校正。平直度用拉线和钢尺检查校正,最后用螺栓固定。

5、安装校正

①钢柱校正:钢柱垂直度校正用经纬仪或吊线锤检验,当有偏差时采用千斤顶进行校正,标高校正用千斤顶将底座少许抬高,然后增减垫板厚度,柱脚校正无误后立即紧固地脚螺栓,待钢柱整体校正无误后在柱脚底板下浇注细石混凝土固定。

②钢梁校正:钢梁轴线和垂直度的测量校正,校正采用千斤顶和倒链进行,校正后立即进行固定。

6、高强螺栓施工

(1)GANGGOUJIANDELIANJIEJIETOU,YINGJINGJIANCHAHEGEHOUFANGKEJINGU。

(2)ANZHUANGSHIYONGDELINSHILUOSHUANHECHONGDING,ZAIMEIGEJIEDIANSHANGCHUANRUDESHULIANG,YINGGENJUANZHUANGGUOCHENGSUOCHENGSHOUDEHEZAIJISUANQUEDING,BINGYINGFUHEXIALIEGUIDING:

BUYINGSHAOYUANZHUANGKONGZONGSHUDE1/3;

LINSHILUOSHUANBUYINGSHAOYU2GE;

CHONGDINGBUYIDUOYULINSHILUOSHUANDE30%;

(3)YONGJIUXINGDEPUTONGLUOSHUANLIANJIEYINGFUHEXIALIEGUIDING:

MEIGELUOSHUANYIDUANBUDEDIAN2GEJIYISHANGDEDIANQUAN,BINGBUDECAIYONGDALUOMUDAITIDIANQUAN。LUOSHUANNINGJINHOU,WAILULUOWENBUYINGSHAOYU2GELUOJU;

LUOSHUANKONGBUDECAIYONGQIGEKUOKONG。

(4)BENGONGCHENGCAIYONGDEGAOQIANGDULUOSHUANWEIMOCAXINGDALIUJIAOTOU,TAYIKAONIUJINLUOMU(JINGDIANQUAN)JILUOSHUANSHIJIAYULALI,JIEDIANQUANSHIGANJIANJIECHUMIANCHANSHENGMOCALIERCHUANDIWAILI,JIECHUMIANJIANMOCALIDAXIAOQUJUEYUYULALIHEJIECHUMIANJIANDEMOCAXISHU。

(5)GANGGOUJIANPINZHUANGQIAN,YINGQINGCHUFEIBIAN、MAOCI、HANJIEFEIJIANWU。MOCAMIANYINGBAOCHIGANZAO、ZHENGJIE、BUXINGZAIYUZHONGZUOYE。

(6)GAOQIANGDULUOSHUANLIANJIEDEBANDIEJIECHUMIANYINGPINGZHENG。DANGJIECHUYOUJIANXISHI,XIAOYU1.0mmDEJIANXIKEBUCHULI;1.0mm~3.0mmDEJIANXI,YINGJIANGXIANGCHUDEYICEMOCHENG1:10DEXIEMIAN,DAMOFANGXIANGYINGYUSHOULIFANGXIANGCHUIZHI;DAYU3.0mmDEJIANXIYINGJIADIANBAN,DIANBANLIANGMIANDECHULIFANGFAYINGYUGOUJIANXIANGTONG。

(7)GAOQIANGDULUOSHUANLIANJIEFUYINGANPIHAOFENBIECUNFANG、HUNYONG,BINGYINGQINGZHUANG、QINGXIE,FANGZHISHOUCHAO、SHENGXIU、ZHANWUHEPENGSHANG。

(8)SHIGONGQIAN,GAOQIANGDUDALIUJIAOTOULUOSHUANLIANJIEFUYINGANCHUCHANGPIHAOFUYANNIUJUXISHU,QIPINGJUNZHIHEBIAOZHUNPIANCHAYINGFUHEGUOJIAXIANXINGBIAOZHUN《GANGJIEGOUGAOQIANGDULUOSHUANLIANJIEDESHEJI、SHIGONGJIYANSHOUGUICHENG》DEGUIDING;NIUJIANXINGGAOQIANGDULUOSHUANLIANJIEFUYINGANCHUCHANGPIHAOFUYANYULALI,QIPINGJUNHEBIANYIXISHUYINGFUHEGUOJIAXIANXINGBIAOZHUN,《GANGJIEGOUGAOQIANGDULUOSHUANLIANJIEDESHEJI、SHIGONGJIYANSHOUGUICHENG》DEGUIDING。

(9)ANZHUANGGAOQIANGDULUOSHUANSHI,LUOSHUANYINGZIYOUCHUANFANGKONGNEI,BUDEQIANGXINGQIAO

DA,BINGBUDEQIGEKUOKONG。CHUANRUFANGXIANGYIYIZHIBINGBIANYUCAOZUO。GAOQIANGLUOSHUANBUDEZUOWEILINSHIANZHUANGLUOSHUAN。

(10)GAOQIANGDULUOSHUANDEANZHUANGYINGANYIDINGSHUNXUSHINING,TONGYILIANJIEMIANSHANGDELUOSHUANYINGYOUJIEFENGZHONGBUXIANGLIANGDUANJINXINGJINGU,GONGZIXINGGOUJIANSHUNXUSHISHANGYIYUAN→XIAYIYUAN→FUBAN。DANGTIANANZHUANGDEGAOQIANGDULUOSHUANYINGYUDANGTIANZHONGNINGWANBI,WAILUSIKOUBUSHAOYU2KOU。

(11)GAOQIANGDULUOSHUANDENINGJIN,YINGFENCHUNINGHEZHONGNING。DUIYUDAXINGJIEDIANJIUFENCHUNING、FUNINGHEZHONGNING。FUNINGNIUJUYINGDENGYUCHUNINGNIUJU。

(12)NIUJIANXINGGAOQIANGDULUOSHUANDECHUNINGNIUJUYIANXIALIEGONGSHIJISUAN;ZHONGNINGYINGCAIYONGZHUANYONGBANSHOUJIANGWEIBUMEIHUATOUNINGDIAO。

To=0.065Pc d (2.4.15—1)

Pc=P+△P (2.4.15—2)

SHIZHONGTo-----CHUNINGNIUJU(N m)

Pc-----SHIGONGYULALI(kN)

P------GAOQIANGDULUOSHUANSHEJIYULALI(kN)

△P----YULALISUNSHIZHI(kN),YIQUSHEJIYULALIDE10%。

d-----GAOQIANGDULUOSHUANLUOWENZHIJING(mm)

(13)GAOQIANGDUDALIUJIAOTOULUOSHUANDECHUNINGNIUJUYIWEIZHONGNINGNIUJUDE50% ;ZHONGNINGNIUJUYINGANXIALIEGONGSHIJISUAN:

Tc=K Pc d (2.4.16—1)

Pc=P+△P (2.4.16—2)

SHIZHONGTc-----CHUNINGNIUJU(N m)

K------NIUJUXISHU。

(14)GAOQIANGDUDALIUJIAOLUOSHUANSHININGCAIYONGDENIUJUBANSHOUHEJIANCHACAIYONGDENIUJUBANSHOU,ZAIMEIBANZUOYEQIANHOU,JUNYINGJINXINGXIAOZHENG,QINIUJUWUCHAYINGFENBIEWEISHIYONGNIUJUDE+5%HE+3%。

(15)GAOQIANGDUDALIUJIAOTOULUOSHUANZHONGNINGJIESHUHOU,YICAIYONG0.3~0.5kgDEXIAOCHUIZHUGEQIAOJIAN,QIEYINGJINXINGNIUJUCHOUCHA,QIANNINGHUOLOUNINGZHEYINGJISHIBUNING,CHAONINGZHEYINGYUGENGHUAN。

(16)GAOQIANGDUDALIUJIAOTOULUOSHUANJUJIANCHAYINGZAIZHONGNING1hYIHOU、24hYINEIWANCHENG。NIUJUJIANCHASHI,YINGJIANGLUOMUTUIHUI30o-50o,ZAININGZHIYUANWEICEDINGNIUJU,GAINIUJUYUJIANCHANIUJUDEPIANCHAYINGZAIJIANCHANIUJUDE+10%YINEI。JIANCHANIUJUYINGSHIXIALIEJISUAN:

Tch=K.P.d (2.4.19)

SHIZHONGTch——JIANCHANIUJU(N.m).

六、墙面夹心板安装

1、施工前准备

①JIAXINBANWEIHUSHIGONGANZHUANGZHIQIAN,DINGZHIXIANGYINGDESHIGONGTUZHI,BINGGENJUSHEJIWENJIANBIANZHIZUZHISHEJIJIDUISHIGONGRENYUANJINXINGJISHUPEIXUNHEANQUANSHENGCHANJIAODI。

②GENJUWENJIANXIANGXIHEDUIGELEICAILIAODEGUIGEHESHULIANG,DUISUNHUAIDEJIAXINBAN,FANSHUIBANYINGJISHIXIUFUHEGENGHUAN。

③GELEISHIGONGSHEBEIYINGQIQUAN,BINGNENGZHENGCHANGYUNZHUAN。

④FUHEYUJIAXINBANSHIGONGANZHUANGYOUGUANGANGGOUJIANDEANZHUANGJINGDU,QINGCHULINTIAODEANZHUANGHANFENGYAOPIHEFEIJIANWU,BINGTUSHUAFANGXIUQIJINXINGFANGFUCHULI。

2、夹心板施工工序:墙板安装按檩条位置从一端开始进行,板与板之间必须咬紧,再用螺钉固定,墙板接缝处做好防水处理。夹心板安装时,应边铺设边调整其位置,边固定。

七、檩条的安装

BOBIXINGGANGLINTIAO,YOUYUZHONGLIANGQING,ANZHUANGSHIKEYONGQIZHONGJIHUORENLIDIAOSHENG。DANGANZHUANGWANYIGEDANYUANDEGANGZHU、WUMIANLIANGHOU,JIKEJINXINGWUMIANLINTIAOANZHUANG,ANZHUANGSHIZHIJIEYONGLUOSHUANLIANJIEZAILINTIAOTUOBANSHANG。LINTIAODEANZHUANGWUCHAYINGZAI5mmYINEI。

八、屋面板的安装

(1)屋面板安装:屋面板的安装根据现场主钢构的吊装完成情况,从一端山墙开始,向另一端山墙方向推进,严格按施工图纸进行排列,严禁错放、漏放。在施工开始时必须用操作平台过渡,使之与屋面平行。在施工过程中一定要拉线安装,使屋面板的坡度方向始终与屋脊保持垂直,对于不同坡向的波峰投影必须成一线,否则将导致屋脊板无法安装。屋面板的长度最好一次成型,尽量避免横向搭接。另外屋面板搬运及吊装时应做到轻拿轻放,不得造成屋面板皱褶,应避免划痕,损坏表面油漆。

(2)屋脊的安装:屋面板端处另设连接件,封口放好扣板之前先打好密封胶,然后上面再加封条压紧。屋脊中心用碎保温棉充满填实,屋脊板与屋脊板之间用白胶在搭接处密封。

(3)泛水板的安装:安装之前仔细弄清泛水板节点的施工工艺,在结构线处按长度现场切割泛水板,用软管密封胶作密封装置,从泛水板到支撑角钢的安装必须采用封胶。泛水板饰边应做到搭接方向正确、牢固、线条垂直、防水效果好。

九、钢结构油漆

1、工艺流程

JICENGCHULI→TUFANGXIUQI→GUANIZI→TULINHUADIQI→TUSHUAMIANQI。

2、基层处理

XIANJIANGJINSHUBIAOMIANSHANGDEFUTU、SHA、HUIJIANG、YOUWU、XIUBAN、HANZHA、MAOCIDENGQINGCHUGANJING。RANHOUJINXINGBIAOMIANCHUXIU,FANGFAKEYONGSHOUGONGCHULI。RUJINSHUBIAOMIANSHIYIBANFUTIEXIU,KEXIANYONGGANGSISHUAWANGFUSHUADA,RANHOUYONGCUSHABUDAMOCHUXINDEGUANGLIANGBIAOMIAN,ZAIYONGJIUBUHUOMIANSHAJIANGDAMOXIADEFUHUI、XIUCAGANJING;RUGUOGANGGOUJIANDEJINSHUBIAOMIANXIUSHIBIJIAOYANZHONG(LINZHUANGXIUBAN),XIANYONGCHANDAOJIANGXIULINCHANDIAO,YEKEYONGCHUIZIHUOGUADAOQINGLI,RANHOUYONGGANGSISHUASHUADAQINGLI,ZAIYONGSHABUDAMOGUANGLIANGWEIZHI,JIKETUFANGXIUQI。DAMIANJIXIUSHIKEXIANYONGSHALUNJI、FENGMOJIJIQITADIANDONGCHUXIUGONGJUCHUXIU,RANHOUPEIYIGANGSISHUA、CUODAO、GANGCHANJISHABUDENGGONGJU,JINGSHUA、CUO、MOCHUQUSHENGYUTIEXIUJIZAWU。

3、涂防锈漆

TUHONGDANFANGXIUQISHI,GOUJIANBIAOMIANBIXUGANZAO,RUYOUSHUIZHU、SHUIQIBIXUCAGAN。SHITUSHIYIDINGYAOTUSHUADAOWEI、SHUAMAN、SHUAYUN。DUIXIAOXINGGANGJIEGOUGOUJIANHUOJINSHUZHIPINHUAYANGFUZADEKELIANGRENHEZUO,YIRENYONGMIANSHAZHANQIKAICA;YIRENYONGYOUSHUALISHUN、LITONG。DUIYUGANGGOUJIANZHONGBUYITUSHUADAODEFENGXIXICHU(RUJIAOGANGZUHEGOUJIANDEJIAOGANGBEI),YINGZAIPINZHUANGQIANJIANGPINHEFENGXICHUDECHUXIUHETUQIDENGGONGXUZUOWAN,DANMAOKONGNEIBUDETURUTULIAO,YIMIANMAOJIEHOUDINGYANZHONGYOUJIAZHA。

4、刮腻子

DAIFANGXIUQIGANZAOHOU,GOUMAIYUYOUQIPEITAODENIZIJIANGGOUJIANBIAOMIANQUEXIANCHUGUAPING。NIZIZHONGKESHILIANGJIARUHOUQIHUOHONGDANFEN,YIZENGJIAQIGANYINGXING。NIZIGANZAOHOUYINGDAMOPINGZHENGBINGQINGSAOGANJING。

GANGJIEGOUGOUJIANZAIGONGCHANGZHICHENGHOUYINGYUXIANTUSHUAYIBIANFANGXIUQI。YUNDAOGONGDIHOU,RUDUIFANGSHIJIANJIAOZHANG,

YIYOUYIBUFENBOLUOSHENGXIU,YINGZAITUSHUAYIBIANFANGXIUQI。

5、涂磷化底漆

WEILESHIJINSHUBIAOMIANDEYOUQINENGYOUJIAOHAODEFUZHELI,YANZHANGYOUQIDESHIYONGQI,BIMIANSHENGXIUFUSHI,KEZAIGANGJIEGOUGOUJIANBIAOMIANXIANTUYICENGLINHUADIQI。LINHUADIQIYOULIANGBUFENZUCHENG,YIBUFENWEIDIQI,JIAYIBUFENWEILINHUAYE。CHANGYONGDELINHUAYEDEPEIHEBIWEI:GONGYELINSUAN70%,YIJIYANGHUAXIN5%,DINGCHUN5%,YICHUN10%,SHUI10%。LINHUADIQIDEPEIBIWEILINHUAYE:DIQI=1:4(ZHONGLIANG)。YOUSHIYEKEDANDUSHIYONGWANHUAYELAICHULI。TUSHUASHIYIBOWEIYI,BUNENGTUSHUADETAIHOU,TAIHOUYIQIPI,FUZHELICHA。QICHOUKEYONGSANFENYICHUN(95%YISHANG)YUYIFENDINGCHUNDEHUNHEYEXISHI。YICHUN、DINGCHUNDEHANSHUILIANGBUNENGTAIDA,FOUZEQILAYIFANBAI,YINGXIANGXIAOGUO。LINHUADIQITUSHUA2hHOU,JIKETUSHIQITADIQIHUOMIANQI。YIBANQINGKUANGXIA,TUSHI24hHOU,JIUKEYIYONGQINGSHUICHONGXIHEYONGMAOSHUACHUQUBIAOMIANDELINHUASHENGYUWU。DAIGANZAOHOU,ZUOWAIGUANJIANCHA,RUJINSHUBIAOMIANSHENGCHENGYIZHONGHUIHESEDEJUNYUNDELINHUAMO,ZEDADAOLINHUADEYAOQIU。

6、涂刷面漆

GANGJIEGOUGOUJIANBIAOMIANDAMOPINGZHENG,QINGSAOGANJING,JIKETUZHUANGMIANQI。TUSHUASHUNXU:CONGSHANGZHIXIA,XIANNANHOUYI。TUSHUASHIYAODUOSHUADUOLI,SHUAYOUYAOBAOMAN、BULIUBUZHUI、GUANGLIANGJUNYUN、SEZEYIZHI。SHUAHOUFANFUJIANCHA,YIMIANLOUSHUA,GANGJIEGOUMIANQIYIBANSHUAERBIANCHENGHUO。RUSHEJIYOUTESHUYAOQIU,ZEANSHEJIYAOQIUWANCHENGBIANSHU。

以上就是关于钢结构厂房工程施工流程的全部介绍了,从事钢结构厂房的工作在我们一般的不接触这方面工作的人看来似乎并不难,实际上通过上述的施工流程的介绍,我们看出建造一所钢结构厂房需要非常精确的计算,这也是为了保证房屋的安全,保障人员的安全!